The ozone layer called the protective shield of the earth and humans is being destroyed. Research of Gujarat University of Pakistan on ozone layer is giving big warning. According to research, if ozone damage figures increased by 1 percent, then cataract cases will increase by 0.6 percent worldwide. Lenses will be damaged. Cancer patients will also increase. Environmentalist Dr. Anil Joshi says that to save the earth, first of all pollution has to be reduced. Pollution is directly damaging the ozone layer. Smoke and gas emanating from trains and factories need to be controlled.
Why is it harmful?
The rate of formation of ozone layer and its destruction with chloro-fluoro carbon has deteriorated. Chloro-fluoro carbon contains gases and sequences such as chlorine, bromine, and fluorine. They are being used to make AC, fridges, mattress cushions, foam, and electronic circuit boards. Increasing use in most goods is causing damage to ozone layer.
How much harm to humans?
Eye: Cataract is the biggest reason for increasing blindness worldwide. According to research, if ozone layer is destroyed by 1 percent, then cataract cases will increase by 0.6 percent. Oxidative oxygen produced from ultra violet radiation can severely damage the lens of the eye.
Skin: Ultraviolet rays reaching the earth first change the biomolecules of the body, which causes many diseases. Cases of skin cancer are increasing due to falling directly on the skin. These rays can also cause sunburn, breast cancer and leukemia in addition to skin damage.
Immunity: These rays decrease the body’s ability to fight against diseases, due to which the risk of cancer and infection increases. The greater the damage to ozone layer, the greater will be the ability to fight against diseases.
DNA Damage: Ultraviolet rays are the cause of changes in lipids, proteins and nucleic acids present in the body’s DNA. Those that damage DNA. Cancer cases will increase by 2% if the rate of ozone depleting rises by one percent. This will affect the lungs which will be seen as bronchitis and asthma.